This month’s blog topic is the on the art of Repoussé.

Repoussé is an ancient skill used in metal craft to create beautiful images in malleable metals. The term Repoussé is derived from the French word pousser, “to push forward.”  The techniques of Repoussé are found worldwide from ancient times, such as the gold mummy mask of Tutankhamun,  to today, as demonstrated in the Statue of Liberty.

The repoussé design is created by raising the image from the back using special hammers and chasing fine details from the front.    Bas-relief (low relief) repoussé is often confused with a mass production process of “rolling” or “stamping” designs into metal with special forming machines. This kind of imprinting a design into metal does not typically result in the fine detail associated with genuine repoussé, and doesn’t allow for cost-effective intricate one-off custom designs.

Texas Lightsmith artisans are skilled in this venerable process to create unique one of a kind functional art products. Watch the video for inspiration on how to incorporate repoussé into your Texas Lightsmith project.

Eddie Ross & Edgewood Hall

We collaborated with Designer Eddie Ross on his stunning butlers pantry on his epic historical renovation project Edgewood Hall. Edgewood Hall is sure to be not only a showplace but a crowning achievement in the brilliantly creative career of Eddie Ross. 

Welcome To The Constantine Collection

We would like to welcome you to our “Constantine Collection” line of custom sinks. The Constantine Collection is inspired by European style sinks, old word design, and new world functionality. All of our Constantine Collection allows for individual customization to include towel bars, removable accessories, integrated back splashes, and multiple metals. Visit The Constantine Collection from Texas Lightsmith to see all the amazing combinations we have created and to get a quote!

What is Living Finish?

When considering a metal sink or countertop you may or may not have heard the terms “living” or “organic” finish. Any metal other than stainless steel that is uncoated or with no sealant will oxidize acquiring a unique “patina” over time. This means the finish will change and transform through exposure to the environment. It is sometimes referred to as “oxidation” (exposure to oxygen) but the patination process is also caused by other environmental factors that the metal surface might come into contact with as well as wear resulting from regular use.

A living finish is often a much sought after look when buying a copper, brass, bronze or nickel silver sink. Without an added protective coating, these materials are allowed to age gracefully in their natural state in what is referred to as the living finish. Over time, the finish will oxidize with use adding more character and uniqueness to your custom piece.

The term “living finish” comes up most often regarding copper sinks. Faucet and drain manufacturers generally address this issue with coatings that protect the metal surface from environmental factors preventing the patina or oxidation of the finish. However, these coatings (PVD, powder coating and others) are more difficult to apply to a larger surface area such as that of a sink and require a mass production manufacturing process. In effect many of the artisan crafted copper, brass, nickel silver and bronze sinks are not sealed and will have a true living finish.

Stainless steel products are often referred to as “non-living”. However the surfaces of these products can also dull over time depending on the environmental factors involved and how well they are cared for. Nickel is also occasionally referred to as “non-living finish” though Nickel will patina or “tarnish” as well.

With uncoated brass, nickel silver, bronze, and copper the patina or oxidation process occurs more rapidly. So, what happens to the metal finish over time? The answer depends your finish choice and how the patina is applied when the sink is made, the environmental factors involved in your home, how much it is used and the type of care and maintenance you have decided to go with.

If you choose a copper sink that has a medium, dark or oil rubbed finish; heat and/or chemicals have been applied to speed up and mimic the aging process. In creating these finishes, the metal has likely been exposed to a chemical bath and or heat causing a reaction with the metal and changing its color. In choosing a medium, dark, or oil rubbed finish you still have a living finish that will evolve. However, the darker the patina is to start with, generally the slower the changes are over time.

Environmental factors specific to your home and chemicals that may be exposed to the surface of your sink are the great unknown. Every finish application and environment is different. Some factors include but are certainly not limited to;

  • Humidity
  • Airborne salinity
  • Pollutants
  • Oxygen content
  • Foods
  • Cleaning products and various chemicals
  • Water hardness

All the elements and conditions listed above and more will work together with time to coat the metal surface with a unique patina. If you have a copper sink and expose the metal surface to certain acids such as those found in lemon juice, you will actually dissolve some of the patina. The constant changes due to limitless factors are admired by some and not so admired by others. You can anticipate your product to have its own “character” and appreciate the uniqueness in color and tone between two identical products in different environments.

If you admire a living finish, the care and maintenance will be fairly simple. If you wish to prevent it, this is often possible to a certain extent. There are several different ways you can slow down the patina process. Applying a special wax that does not contain polish or cleaners (such as beeswax) can slow the change in patina similar to how an automotive wax protects the finish of your car. Patina on a sink can be removed with a metal polish or mild acid such as lemon juice or vinegar. Waxing the surface can preserve the shine, or you can leave the newly untreated metal to develop a new patina, how exciting!.

Some customers are fearful that the living finish will be more maintenance or it will turn out undesirable. Any copper or brass cleaner will revert the patina back to a bare surface if you so desire. Left unprotected, the aging process starts over again and within a few weeks the metal surface will begin to darken. In opposition, you could choose a sink with a darker finish and wax the surface regularly ensuring the least amount of change over time. While these methods will help mitigate or retard the evolution of your sink’s patina, the living finish phenomenon will still continue.

An occasional cleaning with soap and water is the recommended maintenance. If you choose to wax your sink to extend the life of the desired finish, it is generally something you will need to do approximately every 3 – 6 months depending on the frequency of use.

Back In Brass

Brass Facts

Brass is as relevant today as it was in the latter part of the bronze age when copper and zinc were first alloyed to create the first brass.  Its many inherent properties make it ideal for many uses.

Known for its attractive yellow color, brass has been used for decoration because of its gold-like appearance but it also has uses in industrial, residential, and consumable applications. Brass can be found in zippers, gears, door knobs, sinks, ammunition cartridges, plumbing fixtures, range hoods, electrical components, art, pens, lighting, furniture, hardware, door hinges, pull knobs, thumb tacks, counter tops and countless other places. Brass is a go-to metal for making tools or fittings where it is important that sparks are not to be made due to flammable or explosive environments.  It lends itself to the casting process as well as machining processes and even has bactericidal properties! The copper in brass helps naturally kill bacteria.

Due to its limited oxidation in harsh environments relative to iron and copper, brass has a tradition of use in maritime industries. Before stainless steel was invented in the early 20th century, brass was the primary metal in all things nautical.

Solid Brass Jewelry is known as an “allergy-free or allergy friendly” metal for people who are allergic to the widely used nickel in jewelry. Brass is used in many musical instruments as well such as cymbals,  guitar strings, and the entire brass section of the orchestra.  Like bronze, brass has a rich tonal quality that resonates well.

So brass has its uses for the sheer beauty of it in its various incarnations, but there are often practical and historical considerations at play as well.

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